Season- and Trend-aware Symbolic Approximation for Accurate and Efficient Time Series Matching
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ISSN der Zeitschrift
Datenbank-Spektrum: Vol. 21, No. 3
Processing and analyzing time series datasets have become a central issue in many domains requiring data management systems to support time series as a native data type. A core access primitive of time series is matching, which requires efficient algorithms on-top of appropriate representations like the symbolic aggregate approximation (SAX) representing the current state of the art. This technique reduces a time series to a low-dimensional space by segmenting it and discretizing each segment into a small symbolic alphabet. Unfortunately, SAX ignores the deterministic behavior of time series such as cyclical repeating patterns or a trend component affecting all segments, which may lead to a sub-optimal representation accuracy. We therefore introduce a novel season- and a trend-aware symbolic approximation and demonstrate an improved representation accuracy without increasing the memory footprint. Most importantly, our techniques also enable a more efficient time series matching by providing a match up to three orders of magnitude faster than SAX.