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Silentium! Run-Analyse-Eradicate the Noise out of the DB/OS Stack

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Gesellschaft für Informatik, Bonn


When multiple tenants compete for resources, database performance tends to suffer. Yet there are several scenarios where guaranteed sub-millisecond latencies are crucial, such as in real-time scenarios, IoT, or when operating in safety-critical environments. In this paper, we study how to make query latencies deterministic in the face of noise (whether caused by other tenants or unrelated operating systems tasks). We perform controlled experiments with an in-memory database in a multi-tenant setting, where we successively eradicate noisy interference from within the system software stack, to the point where the engine runs close to bare-metal on the underlying hardware. We show that we can achieve query latencies comparable to the database engine running as the sole tenant, but without noticeably impacting the workload of competing tenants. We discuss these results in the context of ongoing efforts to build custom operating systems for database workloads, and point out that for certain use cases, the margin for improvement is rather narrow. In fact, for scenarios like ours, existing operating systems might just be good enough, provided that they are expertly configured. We then critically discuss these findings in the light of a broader family of database systems (e.g., including disk-based), and the technological disruption of the advances in modern hardware.


Mauerer, Wolfgang; Ramsauer, Ralf; Lucas, Edson; Lohmann, Daniel; Scherzinger, Stefanie (2021): Silentium! Run-Analyse-Eradicate the Noise out of the DB/OS Stack. BTW 2021. DOI: 10.18420/btw2021-21. Gesellschaft für Informatik, Bonn. PISSN: 1617-5468. ISBN: 978-3-88579-705-0. pp. 397-421. (Industrial) Use Cases & Applications. Dresden. 13.-17. September 2021