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Acceleration of Optical Flow Computations on Tightly-Coupled Processor Arrays


Optical flow is widely used in many applications of portable mobile devices and automotive embedded systems for the determination of motion of objects in a visual scene. Also in robotics, it is used for motion detection, object segmentation, time-to-contact information, focus of expansion calculations, robot navigation, and automatic parking for vehicles. Similar to many other image processing algorithms, optical flow processes pixel operations repeatedly over whole image frames. Thus, it provides a high degree of fine-grained parallelism which can be efficiently exploited on massively parallel processor arrays. In this context, we propose to accelerate the computation of complex motion estimation vectors on programmable tightly-coupled processor arrays, which offer a high flexibility enabled by coarse-grained reconfiguration capabilities. Novel is also that the degree of parallelism may be adapted to the number of processors that are available to the application. Finally, we present an implementation that is 18 times faster when compared to (a) an FPGA-based soft processor implementation, and (b) may be adapted regarding different QoS requirements, hence, being more flexible than a dedicated hardware implementation.


Sousa, Éricles; Tanase, Alexandru; Lari, Vahid; Hannig, Frank; Teich, Jürgen; Paul, Johny; Stechele, Walter; Kröhnert, Manfred; Asfour, Tamin (2013): Acceleration of Optical Flow Computations on Tightly-Coupled Processor Arrays. PARS: Parallel-Algorithmen, -Rechnerstrukturen und -Systemsoftware: Vol. 30, No. 1. DOI: 10.1007/BF03354240. Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V.. PISSN: 0177-0454. pp. 80-89