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Künstliche Intelligenz 30(3+4) - Oktober 2016

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  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Knowledge-Based Instrumentation and Control for Competitive Industry-Inspired Robotic Domains
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Niemueller, Tim; Zug, Sebastian; Schneider, Sven; Karras, Ulrich
    Autonomy is an increasing trend in manufacturing industries. Several industry-inspired robotic competitions have been established in recent years to provide testbeds of comprehensible size. In this paper, we describe a knowledge-based instrumentation and control framework used in several of these competitions. It is implemented using a rule-based production system and creates the task goals for autonomous mobile robots. It controls the environment’s agency using sensor data from processing stations and instructs proper reactions. The monitoring and collection of various data allows for an effective instrumentation of the competitions for evaluation purposes. The goal is to achieve automated runs with no or as little human intervention as possible which would allow for more and longer lasting runs. It provides a general framework adaptable to suit many scenarios and is an interesting test case for knowledge-based systems in an industry-inspired setting.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Integrating Qualitative Reasoning and Human-Robot Interaction in Domestic Service Robotics
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Schiffer, Stefan
    In this paper we discuss a system layout for cognitive service robots and our implementation of such a system. Our focus is on integrating qualitative reasoning and human-robot interaction. After introducing the domestic service robotics domain with its challenges and the RoboCup@Home initiative we present our robot platform, its basic capabilities and its high-level reasoning system. Then, we discuss a system layout for a cognitive service robot in domestic domains, and we show how components of our service robot implement elements of such a system layout. We discuss strengths and limitations of these components and of the overall system.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    AI and Robotics: RoboCup Evolution
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Visser, Ubbo
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    16 Years of RoboCup Rescue
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Sheh, Raymond; Schwertfeger, Sören; Visser, Arnoud
    The RoboCup Rescue competitions have been initiated in 2000. To celebrate 16 years of research and development in this socially relevant initiative this article gives an overview of the experience gained during these competitions. This article provides an overview the state-of-the-art and the lessons learned from the RoboCup Rescue competitions.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    The igus Humanoid Open Platform
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Allgeuer, Philipp; Farazi, Hafez; Ficht, Grzegorz; Schreiber, Michael; Behnke, Sven
    The use of standard robotic platforms can accelerate research and lower the entry barrier for new research groups. There exist many affordable humanoid standard platforms in the lower size ranges of up to 60 cm, but larger humanoid robots quickly become less affordable and more difficult to operate, maintain and modify. The igus® Humanoid Open Platform is a new and affordable, fully open-source humanoid platform. At 92 cm in height, the robot is capable of interacting in an environment meant for humans, and is equipped with enough sensors, actuators and computing power to support researchers in many fields. The structure of the robot is entirely 3D printed, leading to a lightweight and visually appealing design. The main features of the platform are described in this article.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    An Object Template Approach to Manipulation for Humanoid Avatar Robots for Rescue Tasks
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Romay, Alberto; Kohlbrecher, Stefan; Stryk, Oskar von
    Nowadays, the first steps towards the use of remote mobile robots to perform rescue tasks in disaster environments have been made possible. However, these environments still present several challenges for robots, which open new possibilities for research and development. For example, fully autonomous robots are not yet suitable for such tasks with high degree of uncertainty, and pure teloperated robots require high expertise and high mental workload, as well as fast communication to be reliable. In this paper, we discuss a middle ground approach to manipulation, that leverages the strengths and abilities of a human supervisor and a semi-autonomous robot while at the same tackling their weaknesses. This approach is based on the object template concept, which provides an interaction method to rapidly communicate to a remote robot the physical and abstract information for manipulation of the objects of interest. This approach goes beyond current grasp-centered approaches by focusing on the affordance information of the objects and providing flexibility to solve manipulation tasks in versatile ways. Experimental evaluation of the approach is performed using two highly advanced humanoid robots.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Cognitive Assistance in Government and Public Sector Applications
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Howell, Chuck; Stein, Frank; Kordella, Scott; Booker, Lashon; Rockower, Ed; Motahari, Hamid; Campbell, Murray; Spohrer, Jim
    The Cognitive Assistance in Government and Public Sector symposium was held in Arlington, VA, USA, from November 12–14, 2015 as part of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Fall Symposium Series. The goal of this symposium was to present the state of cognitive assistance projects and to identify the opportunities and challenges of creating Cognitive Assistance (Cog) systems with an emphasis on the challenges and opportunities presented by Government and public sector applications. We hoped the outcome from the symposium could be used to scope a research agenda based on gaps in current capabilities.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016)
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    The Interplay of Aldebaran and RoboCup
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Ferrein, Alexander; Steinbauer, Gerald
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    On Cognitive Aspects of Human-Level Artificial Intelligence
    (KI - Künstliche Intelligenz: Vol. 30, No. 0, 2016) Besold, Tarek R.
    The PhD thesis 'On Cognitive Aspects of Human-Level Artificial Intelligence' summarises several connected lines of work from the field of human-level artificial intelligence (HLAI) research. Among others, complexity and approximation properties of the heuristic-driven theory projection analogy engine have been examined, and the framework has been applied to modelling tasks in cognitive psychology and the learning sciences. Additionally, the general importance and applicability of formal methods as potential guidance for research and development of systems in AI/HLAI has been outlined and exemplified. Finally, questions for the scientific status of AI/HLAI and for means of assessing or measuring progress in the field have been discussed.