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it - Information Technology 64(4-5) - Oktober 2022

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  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Machine learning meets visualization – Experiences and lessons learned
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Quang Ngo, Quynh; Dennig, Frederik L.; Keim,; Sedlmair, Michael
    In this article, we discuss how Visualization (VIS) with Machine Learning (ML) could mutually benefit from each other. We do so through the lens of our own experience working at this intersection for the last decade. Particularly we focus on describing how VIS supports explaining ML models and aids ML-based Dimensionality Reduction techniques in solving tasks such as parameter space analysis. In the other direction, we discuss approaches showing how ML helps improve VIS, such as applying ML-based automation to improve visualization design. Based on the examples and our own perspective, we describe a number of open research challenges that we frequently encountered in our endeavors to combine ML and VIS.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Robust visualization of trajectory data
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Zhang, Ying; Klein, Karsten; Deussen, Oliver; Gutschlag, Theodor; Storandt,Sabine
    The analysis of movement trajectories plays a central role in many application areas, such as traffic management, sports analysis, and collective behavior research, where large and complex trajectory data sets are routinely collected these days. While automated analysis methods are available to extract characteristics of trajectories such as statistics on the geometry, movement patterns, and locations that might be associated with important events, human inspection is still required to interpret the results, derive parameters for the analysis, compare trajectories and patterns, and to further interpret the impact factors that influence trajectory shapes and their underlying movement processes. Every step in the acquisition and analysis pipeline might introduce artifacts or alterate trajectory features, which might bias the human interpretation or confound the automated analysis. Thus, visualization methods as well as the visualizations themselves need to take into account the corresponding factors in order to allow sound interpretation without adding or removing important trajectory features or putting a large strain on the analyst. In this paper, we provide an overview of the challenges arising in robust trajectory visualization tasks. We then discuss several methods that contribute to improved visualizations. In particular, we present practical algorithms for simplifying trajectory sets that take semantic and uncertainty information directly into account. Furthermore, we describe a complementary approach that allows to visualize the uncertainty along with the trajectories.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Immersive analytics: An overview
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Klein, Karsten; Sedlmair, Michael; Schreiber, Falk
    Immersive Analytics is concerned with the systematic examination of the benefits and challenges of using immersive environments for data analysis, and the development of corresponding designs that improve the quality and efficiency of the analysis process. While immersive technologies are now broadly available, practical solutions haven’t received broad acceptance in real-world applications outside of several core areas, and proper guidelines on the design of such solutions are still under development. Both fundamental research and applications bring together topics and questions from several fields, and open a wide range of directions regarding underlying theory, evidence from user studies, and practical solutions tailored towards the requirements of application areas. We give an overview on the concepts, topics, research questions, and challenges.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Uncertainty visualization: Fundamentals and recent developments
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Hägele, David; Schulz, Christoph; Beschle, Cedric; Booth, Hannah; Butt, Miriam; Barth, Andrea; Deussen, Oliver; Weiskopf, Daniel
    This paper provides a brief overview of uncertainty visualization along with some fundamental considerations on uncertainty propagation and modeling. Starting from the visualization pipeline, we discuss how the different stages along this pipeline can be affected by uncertainty and how they can deal with this and propagate uncertainty information to subsequent processing steps. We illustrate recent advances in the field with a number of examples from a wide range of applications: uncertainty visualization of hierarchical data, multivariate time series, stochastic partial differential equations, and data from linguistic annotation.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Quantitative visual computing
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Schreiber; Falk; Weiskopf, Daniel
    This special issue presents five articles that address the topic of replicability and scientific methodology in information security research, featuring two extended articles from the 2021 International Workshop on Information Security Methodology and Replication Studies (IWSMR). This special issue also comprises two distinguished dissertations.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Complementary interfaces for visual computing
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Zagermann, Johannes; Hubenschmid, Sebastian; Balestrucci, Priscilla; Feuchtner, Tiare; Mayer, Sven; Ernst, Marc O.; Schmidt, Albrecht; Reiterer, Harald
    With increasing complexity in visual computing tasks, a single device may not be sufficient to adequately support the user’s workflow. Here, we can employ multi-device ecologies such as cross-device interaction, where a workflow can be split across multiple devices, each dedicated to a specific role. But what makes these multi-device ecologies compelling? Based on insights from our research, each device or interface component must contribute a complementary characteristic to increase the quality of interaction and further support users in their current activity. We establish the term complementary interfaces for such meaningful combinations of devices and modalities and provide an initial set of challenges. In addition, we demonstrate the value of complementarity with examples from within our own research.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    Adapting visualizations and interfaces to the user
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Chiossi, Francesco; Zagermann, Johannes; Karolus, Jakob; Rodrigues, Nils; Balestrucci, Priscilla; Weiskopf, Daniel; Ehinger, Benedikt; Feuchtner, Tiare; Reiterer, Harald; Chuang, Lewis L.; Ernst, Marc; Bulling, Andreas; Mayer, Sven; Schmidt, Albrecht
    Adaptive visualization and interfaces pervade our everyday tasks to improve interaction from the point of view of user performance and experience. This approach allows using several user inputs, whether physiological, behavioral, qualitative, or multimodal combinations, to enhance the interaction. Due to the multitude of approaches, we outline the current research trends of inputs used to adapt visualizations and user interfaces. Moreover, we discuss methodological approaches used in mixed reality, physiological computing, visual analytics, and proficiency-aware systems. With this work, we provide an overview of the current research in adaptive systems.
  • Zeitschriftenartikel
    (it - Information Technology: Vol. 64, No. 4-5, 2022) Frontmatter