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Eco-innovation performance in European Union

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Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V.


To date no uniform proposal for measuring and analysing eco-innovation in the literature has been emerged. The main challenges in this regard are the need to establish indicators at micro level, taking into account the life cycle and the separation of eco- efficiency from the economic category of eco-innovation, the definition of levels of eco- innovation analysis and the careful development of data aggregation methods, in addition to understanding the effect of eco-innovation and the relationship of eco-innovation indicators to key indicators for measuring sustainable and sustainable socio-economic development. The effects of eco-innovation can be measured on a micro scale (for product or service, process, enterprise), meso (sector,) and macro. The effects of eco-innovation cannot be always positive. Despite the high investment of companies, eco-innovation activities are producing results in the longer term on a micro scale by reducing the negative impact of its activities on the environment, while at the same time leading to the impact of eco-innovation on the company's performance in the form of lower environmental pollution charges and lower energy costs. The main goal of the article is to prove the thesis that eco-innovation allows countries’ economies to increase their performance in the longer time period. Another aim was to analyse eco-innovation scoreboard data and to unveil the low index value reasons for Central Europe countries. To gain so declared goals, a research question was formulated as follow: do countries with less developed economies have lower eco-innovation performance? The performance measurement was based on secondary data analysis obtained from Eco-innovation observatory. These basic indicators and trends described European countries’ eco-innovations performance. The analysis is based on comparative research and available data. Poland is in the low eco-innovation performance group of countries, as are most Eastern European countries and some Western countries (such as Malta). Even against the background of these countries, there is a great distance of Poland to the new member states e.g. the Czech Republic and Estonia. The results of these indices indicate insufficient implementation of eco-innovation in enterprises in Poland. Currently available data presented by the European Eco-innovation Observatory confirms a significantly insufficient degree of eco-innovation of the Polish economy. On the one hand, there is no pressure on research in new eco-innovative solutions. On the other, academic and R&D centers are unable to satisfy the demands of the industry. It is of key importance that eco-innovations are perceived as the driving factor of the third transformation in Poland and other EU new members (following system transformation and the EU accession).


Bartoszczuk, Pawel (2023): Eco-innovation performance in European Union. EnviroInfo 2023. DOI: 10.18420/env2023-028. Bonn: Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V.. PISSN: 1617-5468. ISBN: 978-3-88579-736-4. pp. 285-285. Abstracts. Garching, Germany. 11.-13. Oktober 2023