Auflistung P312 - Open Identity Summit 2021 nach Titel
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- KonferenzbeitragAdapting the TPL Trust Policy Language for a Self-Sovereign Identity World(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Alber, Lukas; More, Stefan; Mödersheim, Sebastian; Schlichtkrull, AndersTrust policies enable the automated processing of trust decisions for electronic transactions. We consider the Trust Policy Language TPL of the LIGHTest project [Mö19] that was designed for businesses and organizations to formulate their trust policies. Using TPL, organizations can decide if and how they want to rely on existing trust schemes like Europe’s eIDAS or trust scheme translations endorsed by them. While the LIGHTest project is geared towards classical approaches like PKI-based trust infrastructures and X.509 certificates, novel concepts are on the rise: one example is the self-sovereign identity (SSI) model that enables users better control of their credentials, offers more privacy, and supports decentralized solutions. Since SSI is based on distributed ledger (DL) technology, it is a question of how TPL can be adapted so that organizations can continue to enjoy the benefits of flexible policy descriptions with automated evaluation at a very high level of reliability. Our contribution is a first step towards integrating SSI and the interaction with a DL into a Trust Policy Language. We discuss this on a more conceptual level and also show required TPL modifications. We demonstrate that we can integrate SSI concepts into TPL without changing the syntax and semantics of TPL itself and have to add new formats and introduce a new built-in predicate for interacting with the DL. Another advantage of this is that the “business logic” aspect of a policy does not need to change, enable re-use of existing policies with the new trust model.
- KonferenzbeitragAnalyzing Requirements for Post Quantum Secure Machine Readable Travel Documents(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Morgner, Frank; von der Heyden, JonasIn a post-quantum world, the security of digital signatures and key agreements mechanisms used for Machine Readable Travel Documents (MRTDs) will be threatened by Shor’s algorithm. Due to the long validity period of MRTDs, upgrading travel documents with practical mechanisms which are resilient to attacks using quantum computers is an urgent issue. In this paper, we analyze potential quantum-resistant replacements that are suitable for those protocols and the ressource-constrained environment of embedded security chips.
- KonferenzbeitragApplying assurance levels when issuing and verifying credentials using Trust Frameworks(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Martinez Jurado, Victor; Vila, Xavier; Kubach, Michael; Henderson Johnson Jeyakumar, Isaac; Solana, Albert; Marangoni, MatteoTechnical interoperability of the issuance, presentation, and verification of verifiable credentials (VC) across domains of trust is a current challenge for self-sovereign identity. We present an approach incorporating different levels of assurance and trust domains in an eIDAS compliant way. This is illustrated through a use case with real-world relevance: the issuance and cross-border usage of the European Health Insurance Card.
- KonferenzbeitragComplexities of Identity Provenance Metadata(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Semančík, RadovanData provenance information is an important part of personal data protection mechanisms. However, capabilities of existing identity management systems are severely limited when it comes to maintaining and processing data provenance information. This paper describes an effort to design and implement capability to process provenance information in midPoint, an open source identity management and governance system. The solution used value metadata for the purposes of storage and processing of provenance information. Resulting prototype was fully integrated into midPoint code base. The solution dealt with all layers of provenance information processing, from data acquisition to user interface. The prototype uncovered a relation between provenance information and other metadata types, as well as potential use of provenance-enriched metadata in conjunction with data protection mechanisms.
- KonferenzbeitragDAMA – A transparent meta-assistant for data self-determination in smart environments(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Ruff, Christopher; Horch, Andrea; Benthien, Benedict; Loh, Wulf; Orlowski, AlexanderGlobal sales of AI-based smart voice assistants and other smart devices are increasing every year. Smart devices are becoming ubiquitous, including living and workspaces. These spaces often have very high privacy requirements, like living rooms, bedrooms or meeting rooms in office environments. Users of smart devices have security and privacy concerns regarding personal data collection, data storage and the use of such data by the devices and the providers. These concerns are aggravated by a lack of transparency by the device manufacturers. As a result, users have limited possibilities to make an informed decision due to missing information or interfaces. While this leads to limited trust regarding the security and privacy of smart devices, for most users, the practical benefit dominates. The project DAMA wants to address user’s security and privacy concerns by creating transparency and regulating the smart devices in connection with the respective context (e.g. when users are alone at home or when they have visitors). For this purpose, the project is developing a “meta-assistant”, an assistant that regulates other AI-based assistants and other smart devices. It uses artificial intelligence (AI) for context detection and device regulation. The regulation processes are based on established ethical guidelines, which are adjusted to the project context.
- KonferenzbeitragDecentralized Identities for Self-sovereign End-users (DISSENS)(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Schanzenbach,Martin; Grothoff, Christian; Wenger, Hansjürg; Kaul, MaximilianThis paper describes a comprehensive architecture and reference implementation for privacy-preserving identity management that bucks the trend towards centralization present in contemporary proposals. DISSENS integrates a technology stack which combines privacy-friendly online payments with self-sovereign personal data management using a decentralized directory service. This enables users to be in complete control of their digital identity and personal information while at the same time being able to selectively share information necessary to easily use commercial services. Our pilot demonstrates the viability of a sustainable, user-centric, standards-compliant and accessible use case for public service employees and students in the domain of retail e-commerce. We leverage innovative technologies including self-sovereign identity, privacy credentials, and privacy-friendly digital payments in combination with established standards to provide easy-to-adapt templates for the integration of various scenarios and use cases.
- KonferenzbeitragEvaluation of Account Recovery Strategies with FIDO2-based Passwordless Authentication(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Kunke, Johannes; Wiefling, Stephan; Ullmann, Markus; Lo Iacono, LuigiThreats to passwords are still very relevant due to attacks like phishing or credential stuffing. One way to solve this problem is to remove passwords completely. User studies on passwordless FIDO2 authentication using security tokens demonstrated the potential to replace passwords. However, widespread acceptance of FIDO2 depends, among other things, on how user accounts can be recovered when the security token becomes permanently unavailable. For this reason, we provide a heuristic evaluation of 12 account recovery mechanisms regarding their properties for FIDO2 passwordless authentication. Our results show that the currently used methods have many drawbacks. Some even rely on passwords, taking passwordless authentication ad absurdum. Still, our evaluation identifies promising account recovery solutions and provides recommendations for further studies.
- KonferenzbeitragExtraction and Accumulation of Identity Attributes from the Internet of Things(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Fritsch, Lothar; Gruschka, NilsInternet of Things (IoT) devices with wireless communication provide person-relateable information usable as attributes in digital identities. By scanning and profiling these signals against location and time, identity attributes can be generated and accumulated. This article introduces the concept of harvesting identifiable information from IoT. It summarizes ongoing work that aims at assessing the amount of person-relatable attributes that can get extracted from public IoT signals. We present our experimental data collection in Oslo/Norway and discuss systematic harvesting, our preliminary results, and their implications.
- KonferenzbeitragFAPI 2.0: A High-Security Profile for OAuth and OpenID Connect(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Fett, DanielA growing number of APIs, from the financial, health and other sectors, give access to highly sensitive data and resources. With the Financial-grade API (FAPI) Security Profile, the OpenID Foundation has created an interoperable and secure standard to protect such APIs. The first version of FAPI has recently become an official standard and has already been adopted by large ecosystems, such as OpenBanking UK. Meanwhile, the OpenID Foundation’s FAPI Working Group has started the work on a the second version of FAPI, putting a focus on robust interoperability, simplicity, a more structured approach to security, and improved non-repudiation. In this paper, we give an overview of the FAPI profiles, discuss the learnings from practice that influence the development of the latest version of FAPI, and show how formal security analysis helps to shape security decisions.
- KonferenzbeitragHow Quantum Computers threat security of PKIs and thus eIDs(Open Identity Summit 2021, 2021) Vogt, Sebastian; Funke, HolgerQuantum computers threaten the security of asymmetric cryptography and thus the heart of a PKI - used for example to protect electronic data in passports. On the one hand, there are already promising candidates for post-quantum secure algorithms, but these also have disadvantages (stateful and / or with significantly larger public keys or signatures). On the other hand, there are some application areas for which a PKI should use post-quantum secure procedures as soon as possible. What is the situation regarding PQC in the market for secure, electronic identification (e.g. electronic travel documents)? What needs to be done to prepare electronic travel documents for a post-quantum world?