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Environmental Informatics 2001

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  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Authoring Tools for Effective Societal Discourse
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) de Moor, Aldo; Kleef, Rolf
    Computer-mediated discussion processes play an important role in achieving sustainabl e development. However, when used in authoring complex documents, these discussions have so far not been very effective in consistently fostering social change. One reason is that in the design and application of the tools supporting these discussions, the social context is not sufficiently taken into acccount. The GRASS tool for group report authoring and the freeText tool for document review are authoring tools in which the social context is given more attention. A social context model for discussion processes is outlined. We show how the model can be used to construct information tool environments that help foster more effective discussions.
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) and Social Space(s): Information exchange and human interaction
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Gaitenby, Alan
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    The development of an internet forum for long-term participatory group learning about problems and solutions to sustainable urban water supply management
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Hare, M.; Gilbert, N.; Medugno, D.; Asakawa, T.; Heeb, J.; Pahl-Wostl, C.
    This paper reports on the planned use of the Internet in an ongoing participatory process targeted at developing solutions for the sustainable management of an urban water supply system. The foundation of our participatory methodology is face-to-face group communication within regular meetings of the principal stakeholders. During such meetings we are developing multi-media (paper-, boardgame- and computer-based) multi-agent models of the water management system in order to allow the stakeholders to explore possible management scenarios and to learn about other stakeholders' often conflicting perspectives and goals. However, another forum is required for stakeholder interaction, model testing and the exchange of views, outside of the necessarily rare platform meetings. A facilitated Internet forum is therefore under development. Since the stakeholder group contains a heterogeneous mix of people ranging from those experienced in using computers to those who are computer-naïve and resistant to them, care must be taken when introducing a computer into the hitherto computer-free sessions. A multi-stage approach to introducing the Internet-based model into our participatory process through game playing and other acclimatization methods is being developed. This paper describes this approach and provides a planned architecture for the Internet forum.
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    A Data Model for Next Generation Online Dispute - Resolution Systems for Cross-border E-Commerce
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Chawdhry, Pravir; Norheim, David; Wilikens, Marc
    This paper presents a data model for developing the new generation of Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) systems with sophisticated end-user service and standard protocol s needed to establish confidence in a cross-border e-commerce environment . An analysis of the various activities in the ODR business process have led us to identify the underlying entities that capture the information content of the ODR process. The result is a data model that can be deployed for building a new generation of ODR systems. The data model has been implemented in XML and tested on a simple claim filing process.
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Mediation Systems
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Gordon, Tom; Märker, Oliver
    Zusammenfassung Ausgehend von typischen Rollen und Zielen("use cases") zeigen wir mögliche Anwendungen existierender Software-Tools zur Unterstützung klassischer Mediation auf und definierenKernkomponentenmit denen ein relativ großer Bereich von Mediationsaufgaben unterstützt werden kann. In diesem Beitrag versuchen wir Mediationssysteme zu definieren und von allgemeineren Groupware-Typen abzugrenzen. Abstract Considering the roles and tasks ("use cases") in a standard mediation procedure, we identified many possible applications of existing software tools to support the mediation process. Several core components supporting a wide range of mediation tasks were found. The paper attempts to define mediation systems and distinguish them from more general purpose groupware.
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Beating the Brains : Self-regulation and Emergence of Content in Electonic Conferencing
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Vreeswijk, Gerard; ten Have, Inne; Reijnen, Antwan
    Many internet discussions suffer from a number of shortcomings, such asa distorted read/write ratio, lack of structure, and lack of progression. In relation to a university lustrum project, an internet discussion platform, named "Beating the Brains," is built such that the content and the direction of a discussion (ona certain topic) is steered implicitly by the participants. The steering takes place by means by rules and a scoring system. This article discusses BtB and compares it with other internet discussion platforms, such as "Slashdot," Slashdot-type platforms and the consumer product evaluation site "Epinions".
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Online dispute resolution: new model for e-consumers and e-companies
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Sali, Rinaldo
    A new model of online mediation born in Milan will be analysed as a new method of online dispute resolution (ODR). This new model could tell us if ODR will only improve traditional alternative dispute resolution (ADR) methods or radically change the way t o solve dispute. This paper would also underline the need for new standards and rules for the net economy, in order to avoid a lack of e-consumers protection.
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Sustainability of Environmental Information
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Bandholtz, Thomas
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Information technology and potential positive environmental effects there of in processing industries
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Jantzen, Jochem
    For most medium sized enterprises Information Technology has a positive side effect on the environmental performance of production processes. The effects on energy use and environment are relatively small compared to issues as production speed, quality, flexibility and cost-savings. It appears that more focus on the potential of IT applications in processes when aiming at reducing use of energy and raw materials and emissions could increase the "value" of IT applications in process industry for environment.
  • Konferenzbeitrag
    Development of a semantic network for environmental geodata
    (Sustainability in the Information Society, 2001) Göbel, Stefan; Jasnoch, Uwe
    The more information and data2 are produced in the actual information society, the more important become mechanisms and systems which organize data and include information where to find which data. Most popular peculiarities of such information systems are digital archives, metadata3 information systems (MIS) and catalogue systems (CS). These systems are used as preparatory step/tool for any other domain-specific applications such as site planning projects. Recent initiatives —both on national and international basis- in the area of spatial libraries and environmental MIS/CS provide access to a wealth of distributed data, e.g. necessary data in the context of site planning. On the other hand they offer only basic levels of interactivity and assistance to the user. This includes all steps of the information retrieval process: Query formulation, query modification, comparison of (metadata) result sets and search result presentation. Referring to this lack of usability, there are special action lines and topics in the actual EU ISTprogramme, e.g. key action III.4.2 information visualization which aims to facilitate information access, data handling and navigation in (often unfamiliar) information spaces. Based on that situation this paper describes the establishment of a semantic network for geodata as part of the project "Development of the InGeoForum Information Center" which represents a theme-overlapping metadata information system for geodata on national basis and enables public access to environmental information and networks. Here, different information visualization techniques are used to facilitate the information retrieval process and access to heterogeneous geodata. Thus both municipal authorities and planners as operative groups in the site planning process are supported. Further on these techniques enable the participation and involvement of interested citizens. Chapter 1 exemplarily proposes the site planning process as one environmental application area and indicates the necessity of metadata information systems, semantic networks and information visualization techniques as instruments to locate appropriate geodata and to interact with it using graphic-interactive concepts. Chapter 2 presents a state-ofthe-art analysis of existing approaches concerning information visualization and metadata information systems. Chapter 3 introduces new methods and concepts for the establishment of a semantic network for geodata and describes the integration of these concepts into the InGeo Information Center. Finally some useful hints show possibilities for further research as well as further integration and transmission possibilities into other environmental/geodata application domains.